Professor Xun William Xu



Professor Xu received his undergraduate education from Shenyang Jianzhu University and masters degree from Dalian University of Technology, P. R. China, respectively. In 1996, he received a PhD from the University of Manchester (then, UMIST), UK.

Since then, he has been working at the University of Auckland as a Lecturer, Senior Lecturer, Associate Professor and now Professor.  His teaching at the Department of Mechanical Engineering cuts across a number of fields, e.g, mechanical engineering design, manufacturing systems, advanced manufacturing technology, manufacturing information systems and advanced CAD/CAM/CNC.

Professor Xu's main research focuses are on computer-aided design, process planning and manufacturing, in particular STEP-compliant CNC (STEP-NC), cloud manufacturing and Industry 4.0. 

The IIMS research group Professor Xu leads is one of top research teams in the world working in the field of STEP-compliant design and manufacturing. Professor Xu is the founder of Manuclouds, an online Cloud Manufacturing Forum. In 2016, he set up the first Industry 4.0 laboratory in New Zealand, Laboratory for Industry 4.0 Smart Manufacturing Systems (LISMS).

Take a Virtual Tour of LISMS ppt.



PhD in Computer-Aided Design and Manufacturing (CAD/CAM), University of Manchester (then University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST)), England164x164
ME in Computer-Aided Design, Dalian University of Technology, China
BE in Manufacturing Engineering, Shenyang Jianzhu University, China

Research | Current

  • Cloud manufacturing
  • Industrie 4.0
  • Intelligent and Interoperable manufacturing systems
  • STEP-compliant CAD/CAPP/CAM (STEP-NC) applications
  • Cyber-Physical Production Systems (CPPS)
  • Internet of Things and Internet of Services
  • Additive manufacturing (3D printing)
  • Virtual prototyping
  • Computer integrated manufacturing
  • Machining simulation
  • Product design and innovation
  • Manufacturing techniques - machinability analysis, metal cutting theory and cutting tool design
  • Product Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
  • Product Data Management (PDM)
  • Product Lifecycle Management (PLM)
  • Reverse engineering

Research groups

Research flyers

Teaching | Current

  • MECHENG 236 - Design & Manufacturing 2
  • MECHENG 334 - Engineering Design 3M
  • MECHENG 352 - Manufacturing Systems
  • MECHENG 706 - Mechatronics Design
  • MECHENG 751 - Advanced CAD/CAM/CNC
  • MECHENG 752 - Industrial Automation
  • MECHENG 753 - Manufacturing Information Systems




Areas of expertise

  • Industry 4.0
  • Digital twin
  • Intelligent and interoperable manufacturing solutions
  • Advanced manufacturing technologies
  • STEP-compliant CAD/CAPP/CAM (STEP-NC) applications
  • CAD/CAM data interoperability
  • Cloud manufacturing
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Energy-efficient manufacturing
  • Product innovation
  • 3D digitisation and reverse engineering
  • Product Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

Committees/Professional groups/Services

Professional affiliations

  • President, New Zealand Chinese Scientist Association (NZCSA), 2009-2011
  • Member, New Zealand Chinese Scientist Association (NZCSA), 2005-current

Selected publications and creative works (Research Outputs)

  • Lu, Y., & Xu, X. (2019). Cloud-based manufacturing equipment and big data analytics to enable on-demand manufacturing services. ROBOTICS AND COMPUTER-INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING, 57, 92-102. 10.1016/j.rcim.2018.11.006
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Yuqian Lu
  • Lu, Y., Wang, H., & Xu, X. (2019). ManuService ontology: a product data model for service-oriented business interactions in a cloud manufacturing environment. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 30 (1), 317-334. 10.1007/s10845-016-1250-x
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Yuqian Lu
  • Yu, C., Zhang, W., Xu, X., Ji, Y., & Yu, S. (2018). Data mining based multi-level aggregate service planning for cloud manufacturing. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 29 (6), 1351-1361. 10.1007/s10845-015-1184-8
  • Liu, C., Vengayil, H., Zhong, R. Y., & Xu, X. (2018). A systematic development method for cyber-physical machine tools. JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS, 48, 13-24. 10.1016/j.jmsy.2018.02.001
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Ray Y Zhong
  • Wang, H., Xu, X., Zhang, C., & Hu, T. (2018). A hybrid approach to energy-efficient machining for milled components via STEP-NC. International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 31 (4-5), 442-456. 10.1080/0951192X.2017.1322220
  • Lu, Y., & Xu, X. (2018). Resource virtualization: A core technology for developing cyber-physical production systems. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 47, 128-140. 10.1016/j.jmsy.2018.05.003
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Yuqian Lu
  • Taylor, M. P., Boxall, P., Chen, J. J. J., Xu, X., Liew, A., & Adeniji, A. (2018). Operator 4.0 or Maker 1.0? Exploring the implications of Industrie 4.0 for innovation, safety and quality of work in small economies and enterprises. Computers and Industrial Engineering10.1016/j.cie.2018.10.047
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Mark Taylor, Peter Boxall, John Chen, Adebayo Adeniji, Angela Liew
  • Deng, C. Y., Guo, R. F., Xu, X., Zhong, R. Y., & Yin, Z. (2017). A new high-performance open CNC system and its energy-aware scheduling algorithm. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 93 (5-8), 1513-1525. 10.1007/s00170-017-0593-6
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Ray Y Zhong


Contact details

Primary office location

Level 10, Room 1002
New Zealand

Social links

Web links