Dr Brendon John Dunphy
Research | Current
I believe science has a central role in helping us address the immense challenges facing the planet in the future. In this regard I am interested in understanding the resilience of marine animals to biotic and abiotic perturbations at the population, individual and molecular level. I am particularly interested in what metabolic strategies animals employ to maintain homeostasis within a fluctuating environment and how we might use this information to predict the effects of future climate change, and where relevant sustainably manage economically important species. The model organisms I use are broad and encompass seabirds, fish and intertidal invertebrates.
Potential projects could include (but happy to discuss ideas)
Diving and stress physiology of seabirds
Predicting climate change effects via mapping thermotolerance of intertidal/coastal invertebrates
Improving aquaculture sustainability via mapping physiological responses of invertebrates in aquaculture systems
Characterising population connectivity of coastal invertebrates via LA-ICP-MS tracking of larval dispersal
Teaching | Current
BIOSCI 103 Comparative Animal Biology
BIOSCI 206 Principles of Ecology
BIOSCI 210 Evolution and origin of life
BIOSCI 328 Fisheries and Aquaculture
BIOSCI 335 Ecological Physiology
BIOSCI 725 Ecological Physiology (PG DipSci)
BIOSCI 727 Aquaculture
CURRENT STUDENT PROJECTS
Spencer McIntyre (PhD): Seabirds as indicators of environemtal stress gradients. Co-supervised with Dr Kristal Cain (UoA).
Jessica Moffitt (MSc): Thermal stress on the intertidal gastropod, Haustrum scobina within north-eastern New Zealand.
Kirsty Goode (MSc): Use of metabolomics to determine harbour habitat quality within larval Snapper. Co-supervsied with Dr Darren Parsons (NIWA).
Kerry Lukies (MSc): Stress physiology of Little Blue penguins within the Hauraki Gulf. Co-supervised with Prof. Dianne Brunton (Massey University), Dr Todd Landers (Auckland Council).
Dyahruri Sanjayasari (PhD): Feeding biology of green-lipped mussels (P. canaliculus) and green mussels (P. viridis). Co-supervised with Prof Andrew Jeffs and Dr Neill Herbert (UoA).
Jenn Jury (PhD): Transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses of ocean acidification impacts on green-lipped mussels. Co-supervised with Prof Mary Sewell (UoA).
Craig Norrie (PhD): Connectivity of green-lipped mussels (Perna canaliculus) within the Hauraki Gulf. Co-supervised with Dr Carolyn Lundquist (NIWA).
Nicola Hawes (PhD) Adaptive evolution in changing environments: Can epigenetic variation compensate for low genetic diversity? Co-supervised with Xavier Pochon Cawthron Institute.
Kevin Heasman (PhD) Project title: Aquaculture potential of scampi. Co-supervised with Prof. Andrew Jeffs
Rachel Sagar (PhD) Ecophysiology and breeding ecology of mottled petrels (co-supervised with Dr Margaret Stanley and Dr Matt Rayner, Auckland Museum).
PAST STUDENTS PROJECTS
Edin Whitehead (MSc) Comparative stress physiology of grey-faced petrels in the Auckland region
Jade Dudley (MSc) How do blooms of Ostreopsis siamensis effect abundance and grazing pressure of key kaimoana species? Co-supervsied with Dr Nick Shears (UoA) and Dr Jarrod Walker (Auckland Council).
Sophie Roberts (Summer student) Thermal stress of intertidal marine invertebrates within north-eastern New Zealand.
Shae Vickers (MSc) Stress physiology of Common diving petrels in the Hauraki Gulf (co-supervised with Assoc. Prof Anthony Hickey and Dr Matt Rayner, Auckland Museum)
Alyx Pivac (MSc.) Project title: Can kūtai (green-lipped mussels) be used as a bioremediation tool of urban environments?
Davide Zazzaro (PhD) Project title: Control of nuisance brancles on Greenshell mussel farms. Co-supervised with Prof. Andrew Jeffs.
Celia Crossan (MSc) Project title: Seasonal variation in scope for growth of the farmed flat oyster Ostrea chilensis.
Rachel Goddard (MSc) Project title: Comparative analysis of physiological and morphological adaptations for diving in Sooty Shearwaters, with non-diving seabirds. Co-supervised with Dr Tony Hickey.
Jamie Powell (MSc.) Project title: Aerial survival in green-lipped mussels
Rachael Sagar (PhD) Project title: Ecophysiology and breeding ecology of New Zealand procellariiform bird species. Co-supervised with Dr Margaret Stanley (UoA) and Dr Matt Rayner (Auckland Museum)
Ben Mortensen (MSc) Acute thermotolerance of the intertidal gastropod (Lunella smaragdus)
Craig Norrie (MSc.) Project title: Identifying natal locations of Cockles (Austrovenus stutchburyi) within Whangarei Harbour. Co-supervised with Dr Carolyn Lundquist (NIWA) and Prof. Joel Baker (School of Environment, UoA).
Alana Jute (MSc.) Project title: Settlement and physiological tolerances of the invasive Mediterranean fanworm (Sabella spallazani). Co-supervised with Dr Graeme Inglis (NIWA).
Lisa Quigg (BSc Hons) Project title: Chronobiology of Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas). Co-supervised with Dr James Cheeseman
Sam Kettle (Summer student) Project focus: Physiological adaptation in the rocky intertidal.
Peter van Kampen (Summer student) Project focus: Aquaculture of the Lamington urchin (Tripneustes gratila) I.
Teuru Passfield (Summer student) Project focus: Aquaculture of the Lamington urchin (Tripneustes gratila) II.
Rachael Sagar (MSc.) Project title: Foraging behaviour and translocation stress and success in the mottled petrel (Pterodroma inexpectata). Co-supervised with Dr Matt Rayner.
Emma Gallagher (MSc.) Project title: Optimising laser ablation inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry for use with the green-lipped mussel (Perna canaliculus).
Taimi Tuimaleali’ifano (MSc.) Thesis title: Key aspects of the Flat oyster (Ostrea chilensis): induced thermotolerance and non-invasive larval assessment technique.
Keria Fenton (MSc.) Thesis title: Effects of desiccation, acute heat shock and starvation on mortality of juvenile Perna canaliculus and the induction of heat shock protein 70.
Angela Esene (MSc.) Thesis title: Survival of green-lipped mussels (Perna canaliculus) in air: characterisation of glycolytic enzyme activity, HSP70, and metabolomic profiling.
Yue Gui (PhD) Thesis title: Particle retention and selection by the spat of the green-lipped mussel, Perna canaliculus. Co-supervised with Prof. Andrew Jeffs
Mark Fitzpatrick (MSc.) Thesis title: The chemical marking of Siphonaria australis and Perna canaliculus larvae for the measurement of larval spill over. Co-supervised with Prof Andrew Jeffs.
Areas of expertise
Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour
Selected publications and creative works (Research Outputs)
- Sagar, R. L., Cockrem, J., Rayner, M. J., Stanley, M. C., Welch, J., & Dunphy, B. J. (2019). Regular handling reduces corticosterone stress responses to handling but not condition of semi-precocial mottled petrel (Pterodroma inexpectata) chicks. General and comparative endocrinology, 272, 1-8. 10.1016/j.ygcen.2018.11.004
Other University of Auckland co-authors: Margaret Stanley, Rachael Sagar
- Sagar, R. L., Mitchell, C., Rayner, M. J., Stanley, M. C., & Dunphy, B. J. (2019). Maximising success: Translocation does not negatively impact stress reactivity and development in petrel chicks. Global Ecology and Conservation, 17.10.1016/j.gecco.2018.e00508
Other University of Auckland co-authors: Rachael Sagar, Margaret Stanley
- Norrie, C. R., Dunphy, B. J., Ragg, N. L. C., & Lundquist, C. J. (2018). Ocean acidification can interact with ontogeny to determine the trace element composition of bivalve shell. LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY LETTERS, 3 (5), 393-400. 10.1002/lol2.10090
Other University of Auckland co-authors: Carolyn Lundquist
- Parsons, D. M., Cook, D. G., Thompson, A., Ranjard, L., Zarate, E., & Dunphy, B. J. (2018). Discrimination of juvenile snapper ( Chrysophrys auratus ) growth and nutrition via metabolomic GC-MS methods. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 506, 72-81. 10.1016/j.jembe.2018.06.002
Other University of Auckland co-authors: Darren Parsons
- Dunphy, B. J., Ruggiero, K., Zamora, L. N., & Ragg, N. L. C. (2018). Metabolomic analysis of heat-hardening in adult green-lipped mussel (Perna canaliculus): A key role for succinic acid and the GABAergic synapse pathway. Journal of thermal biology, 74, 37-46. 10.1016/j.jtherbio.2018.03.006
Other University of Auckland co-authors: Kathy Ruggiero
- Ranjard, L., Wong, T. K. F., Külheim C, Rodrigo, A. G., Ragg, N. L. C., Patel, S., & Dunphy, B. J. (2018). Complete mitochondrial genome of the green-lipped mussel, Perna canaliculus (Mollusca: Mytiloidea), from long nanopore sequencing reads. Mitochondrial DNA Part B, 3 (1), 175-176. 10.1080/23802359.2018.1437810
- Powell, J. A., Ragg, N. L. C., & Dunphy, B. J. (2017). Phenotypic biomarkers in selectively-bred families of the Greenshell™ mussel ( Perna canaliculus ): Anaerobic enzyme and shell gape behaviour as biomarkers of prolonged emersion tolerance. Aquaculture, 479, 601-608. 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2017.06.038
- Rayner, M. J., Taylor, G. A., Gaskin, C. P., & Dunphy, B. J. (2017). Seasonal activity and unpredicted polar front migration of northern New Zealand Common Diving Petrels ( Pelecanoides urinatrix ). Emu - Austral Ornithology, 117 (3), 290-298. 10.1080/01584197.2017.1303332