Professor Cindy Margaret Farquhar



Cindy is the Postgraduate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Her research interests include clinical trials within subfertility and menstrual disorders, systematic reviews and clinical practice guidelines and quality improvement. She has led the Cochrane Gynaecology and Fertility Group since its inception in 1996.

Cindy trained in medicine at the University of Auckland and completed her speciality training in obstetrics and gynaecology in the United Kingdom. She was appointed as a part time senior lecturer in 1989 at the University of Auckland. Cindy has also held a consultant appointment in obstetrics and gynaecology at National Women’s Hospital since that time. In 2000, Cindy was a Harkness Fellow for the Commonwealth Fund and spent one year at the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality in Maryland, USA.  Her clinical interests are polycystic ovarian syndrome, pelvic pain, endometriosis, unexplained infertility and the management of abnormal uterine bleeding. Cindy has been involved in leading many clinical trials in gynaecology and subfertility. She has also led guideline development groups on heavy menstrual bleeding, uterine fibroids and the management of women with breech presentation and vaginal birth after caesarean section, diabetes in pregnancy as well as assisting with training in guideline development workshops. Cindy has over 300 peer reviewed publications and twenty technical reports. She is the past Chair of the board of the NZ Guidelines Group ( and the past Chair of the Perinatal and Maternal Mortality Review Committee ( Cindy was the co-chair of the Cochrane Governing Board until 2018. In 2018, Cindy was awarded the Liley Medal for a clnical study on IUI, and in 2019, was awarded the Research Excellence Medal of the University of Auckland. In 2019, Cindy was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

Research | Current

Current Research Interests

Cochrane Gynaecology and Fertility Group. Cindy is the Coordinating Editor of this Cochrane Group This group was established in 1995 in Auckland and is one of 53 review groups of the Cochrane Collaboration The aim is to produce systematic reviews of menstrual disorders and subfertility on the Cochrane Library (impact factor of 9.5 in 2017) Funding is from the New Zealand Ministry of Health as well as external funding from grant organisations. The scope of the group includes reviews of subfertility and menstrual disorders including premenstrual syndrome, menorrhagia, menopause, cycling disorders and pelvic pain. Currently we are working with nearly 800 authors in over 40 countries. We have an editorial board of 26 editors based in 9 different countries and the editorial base (3 staff) is at the University of Auckland, New Zealand.

Cochrane New Zealand Cindy is the co-director of Cochane New Zealand with Dr Mark Jeffery from Canterbury DHB and the NZ Cochrane Fellow Dr Vanessa Jordan. Cochrane NZ provides training and support for NZers who wish to write a Cochrane review or use a Cochrane review.

Clinical Studies in Gynaecology and Fertility

  • Randomised controlled trial of endometrial injury in women with infertility with polycystic ovarian syndrome and women with unexplained infertility (ongoing)
  • Randomised controlled trial of IVF compared to intrauterine insemination in couples with unexplained infertility - The FIIX Study (ongoing)


2014 - Awarded Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit in the 2013 New Year’s Honours for contribution to women’s health

2016 - Excellence in Research Award Auckland District Health Board

2017 - Aldo Vacca Medal of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

2018 - Liley Medal of the Health Research Medal presented at Aotearoa New Zealand Research Awards

2018 - Excellence in Research Award Auckland District Health Board for ‘Intrauterine insemination with clomiphene citrate versus expectant management for unexplained infertility: a pragmatic randomised controlled trial.’

2019 - Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand

2019 - Research Excellence Medal, University of Auckland jointly for outstanding contribution to the field of fertility research


Postgraduate Diploma in Obstetrics and Medical Gynaecology

Masters paper in Systematic reviews

Areas of expertise

Clinical epidemiology, clinical trial design, systematic reviews, guideline development and implementation, quality improvement, fertility treatments, gynaecology.

Selected publications and creative works (Research Outputs)

As of 29 October 2020 there will be no automatic updating of 'selected publications and creative works' from Research Outputs. Please continue to keep your Research Outputs profile up to date.
  • Farquhar, C. (2019). Introduction: Add-ons for assisted reproductive technology: can we be honest here?. Fertility and sterility, 112 (6), 971-972. 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2019.10.010
  • Fergusson, R. J., Bofill Rodriguez, M., Lethaby, A., & Farquhar, C. (2019). Endometrial resection and ablation versus hysterectomy for heavy menstrual bleeding. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 810.1002/14651858.cd000329.pub3
  • Leeners, B., & Farquhar, C. M. (2019). Benefits of pregnancy on endometriosis: can we dispel the myths?. Fertility and sterility, 112 (2), 226-227. 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2019.06.002
  • Farquhar, C. M., Bhattacharya, S., Repping, S., Mastenbroek, S., Kamath, M. S., Marjoribanks, J., & Boivin, J. (2019). Female subfertility. Nature reviews. Disease primers, 5 (1)10.1038/s41572-018-0058-8
  • Bofill Rodriguez, M., Lethaby, A., Grigore, M., Brown, J., Hickey, M., & Farquhar, C. (2019). Endometrial resection and ablation techniques for heavy menstrual bleeding. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 110.1002/14651858.cd001501.pub5
  • Lensen, S., Osavlyuk, D., Armstrong, S., Stadelmann, C., Hennes, A., Napier, E., ... Strandell, A. (2019). A Randomized Trial of Endometrial Scratching before In Vitro Fertilization. The New England journal of medicine, 380 (4), 325-334. 10.1056/nejmoa1808737
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Lynn Sadler
  • Trollope, H., Leung, J. P. Y., Wise, M., Farquhar, C., & Sadler, L. (2018). An evaluation of the objective quality and perceived usefulness of maternity clinical practice guidelines at a tertiary maternity unit. The Australian & New Zealand journal of obstetrics & gynaecology, 58 (6), 660-666. 10.1111/ajo.12789
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Lynn Sadler
  • Li, Z., Wang, A. Y., Bowman, M., Hammarberg, K., Farquhar, C., Johnson, L., ... Sullivan, E. A. (2018). ICSI does not increase the cumulative live birth rate in non-male factor infertility. Human reproduction (Oxford, England), 33 (7), 1322-1330. 10.1093/humrep/dey118


Contact details

Primary office location

M&HS BUILDING 507 - Bldg 507
Level 1, Room 1004
New Zealand

Web links