Associate Professor Paul Michael Corballis
I am a cognitive neuroscientist with research interests in visual perception, attention, and cognition. I completed my BSc and MSc degrees at the University of Auckland before departing for the United States to pursue doctoral studies at Columbia University in New York City. I received my PhD in from Columbia in 1997, and spent the next several years at the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire. In 2002 I joined the School of Psychology at the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta, where I remained until returning to the University of Auckland in June of 2011.
Research | Current
My research incorporates psychophysical, electrophysiological, neuroimaging, and neuropsychological approaches to study human visual perception, attention, and awareness. Topics include target selection and distractor suppression in visual search, the functional organisation of the cortical visual system, and the interaction between attention and emotion in young and ageing populations.
The hemispheric organization of the visual system has been a major theme in much of my research. I have recently been developing research projects that explore cortical organisation at finer scales, and in the relationships between brain activity and variability in human performance.
The following is a list of some recent and ongoing research activity from my laboratory. It is by no means an exhaustive list. I welcome contacts from potential students and collaborators.
- Ongoing Brain Activity and Psychophysical Variability.
One of the most enduring phenomena in experimental psychology is that human performance is variable – even when presented with invariant stimuli. Recent evidence suggests that this variability may be – at least in part – attributable to rhythmic variation in cortical excitability. We are initiating experiments to confirm and extend these findings.
- Target Selection and Distractor Suppression in Visual Search.
The visual world is typically crowded with many objects from which we must select those that are relevant to our current behavioral goals. We have recently reported evidence from event-related brain potentials (ERPs) that the selection of task-relevant objects can be dissociated from the active suppression of distractors. This is an ongoing project.
- Within-Category Competition for Representation in Human Vision.
When multiple objects from the same perceptual category (e.g., faces, houses, trees, etc.) are presented simultaneously, there is evidence that they “compete” for representation in the visual system. This is manifested by weaker ERP components evoked by objects presented in the context of objects from the same category, compared to other-category contexts. In an ongoing project we are exploring the utility of this phenomenon as a tool to explore the functional organisation of the visual cortex.
- Attention to Emotion in Young Adults and in Healthy Ageing.
Emotional information in visual stimuli can exert a powerful influence on visual attention. In particular, emotional stimuli that represent threat appear to be prioritsed for attention – especially in people prone to anxiety or depression. A different relationship is found in healthy older adults, who seem to suppress the processing of threatening stimuli. Ongoing research projects are exploring the relationships between attention, emotion, and healthy ageing.
- Hemispheric Specialisation and Integration in the Split Brain.
Split-brain patients – who have had the corpus callosum (and sometimes other forebrain commissures) surgically severed to relieve intractable epilepsy – have provided a wealth of information about the specialised functions of the two cerebral hemispheres, as well as the roles of subcortical connections in the integration of information between the hemispheres. I have long-standing research interests in the division of visuospatial abilities between the two hemispheres, and the (sometimes illusory) ability of split-brain patients to integrate visual information in the absence of the corpus callosum.
Selected publications and creative works (Research Outputs)
- Murphy, J., Devue, C., Corballis, P. M., & Grimshaw, G. M. (2020). Proactive Control of Emotional Distraction: Evidence From EEG Alpha Suppression. FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE, 1410.3389/fnhum.2020.00318
- de Haan, E. H. F., Corballis, P. M., Hillyard, S. A., Marzi, C. A., Seth, A., Lamme, V. A. F., ... Bayne, T. (2020). Split-Brain: What We Know Now and Why This is Important for Understanding Consciousness. Neuropsychology review, 30 (2), 224-233. 10.1007/s11065-020-09439-3
- Shaw, A., Buckley, J., Corballis, P., Lutteroth, C., & Wünsche BC (2020). Exploring the Possibility of Virtual Reality Exergaming as a Cognitive Screening System. Proceedings of the Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICCS 2020), 3739-3748. Maui, Hawaii, USA. 10.24251/HICSS.2020.457
Other University of Auckland co-authors: Burkhard Wuensche, Jude Buckley
- Corballis, P., Pavlovich, K., & Yi, D. (2019). PREDICTABLE DISTRACTIONS: EEG AND ERP CORRELATES OF DISTRACTOR PREDICTABILITY IN VISUAL SEARCH. Paper presented at 59th Annual Meeting of the Society-for-Psychophysiological-Research (SPR), Washington, DC. 25 September - 29 September 2019. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY. (pp. 1).
- Oxner, M., Rosentreter, E. T., Hayward, W. G., & Corballis, P. M. (2019). Prediction errors in surface segmentation are reflected in the visual mismatch negativity, independently of task and surface features. Journal of vision, 19 (6)10.1167/19.6.9
Other University of Auckland co-authors: Eric Rosentreter
- Sanders, P., Thompson, B., Corballis, P., & Searchfield, G. (2019). On the Timing of Signals in Multisensory Integration and Crossmodal Interactions: a Scoping Review. Multisensory research, 32 (6), 533-573. 10.1163/22134808-20191331
Other University of Auckland co-authors: Phil Sanders, Benjamin Thompson, Grant Searchfield
- Jin, H., Hayward, W., Oxner, M., & Corballis, P. (2018). THE EFFECTS OF STIMULUS TYPE AND DURATION ON EARLY VISUAL ERPS. Paper presented at 58th Annual Meeting of the Society-for-Psychophysiological-Research, Quebec City, CANADA. 3 October - 7 October 2018. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY. (pp. 1).
- Mckay, N., Corballis, P., & Kirk, I. (2018). BRAIN DERIVED NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR GENOTYPE INFLUENCES RECOGNITION MEMORY RELATED ERPs. Paper presented at 58th Annual Meeting of the Society-for-Psychophysiological-Research, Quebec City, CANADA. 3 October - 7 October 2018. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY. (pp. 1).