Miss Yitian Tina Gao

B. Optom (Hons) TPA.


I graduated from the Bachelor of Optometry program at the University of Auckland with First Class Honours and Therapeutics endorsement. Following graduation I worked for two years in private practice in New Plymouth, honing my skills as a clinical full-scope optometrist.

I am in the final stages of completing a PhD at the University of Auckland under the supervision of Dr Benjamin Thompson, Dr Nicola Anstice and Dr Joanna Black. My main topic of research is amblyopia (commonly called "lazy eye"), with a focus on binocular vision and associated areas of visual neuroscience.

I am also starting post-doctoral research in 2018 with two projects: one with Prof Steven Dakin, working on examining eye movements and alignment in strabismus (squint or eye turn) and a second project examining image size differences in anisometropic amblyopia with Dr Joanna Black.

Research | Current

As part of my PhD I was involved in managing the Binocular treatment for amblyopia using videogame (BRAVO) international clinical trial. In this study we tested a new videogame based treatment for amblyopia for children and adults. This trial has study sites in Auckland, New Zealand; Melbourne, Australia; Waterloo and Montreal in Canada; and Hong Kong. The BRAVO study has concluded recruitment as of 31 May 2016. The final results of the two phases of the study (optical treatment and videogame treatment) were published in January 2018.

My ongoing work involves investigating different aspects of binocular vision (how the two eyes work together), amblyopia ("lazy eye"), and eye movements.

Teaching | Current

Tutor for OPTOM 441, in the binocular vision section of the course.

Clinical supervisor in the Grafton Optometry Clinic, supervising Part IV and Part V optometry students as they examine patients.

Selected publications and creative works (Research Outputs)

  • Gao, T. Y., Anstice, N., Babu, R. J., Black, J. M., Bobier, W. R., Dai, S., ... Jiang, Y. (2018). Optical treatment of amblyopia in older children and adults is essential prior to enrolment in a clinical trial. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt10.1111/opo.12437
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Benjamin Thompson, Nicola Anstice, Joanna Black, Yannan Jiang
  • Gao, T. Y., Guo, C. X., Babu, R. J., Black, J. M., Bobier, W. R., Chakraborty, A., ... Jiang, Y. (2018). Effectiveness of a Binocular Video Game vs Placebo Video Game for Improving Visual Functions in Older Children, Teenagers, and Adults With Amblyopia: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA ophthalmology10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6090
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Benjamin Thompson, Joanna Black, Yannan Jiang, Cindy Guo
  • Gao, T. Y., Guo, C. X., South, J., Black, J., Dai, S., Anstice, N., & Thompson, B. (2017). Resolution of anisometropic amblyopia in a 48-year-old with refractive correction alone. Clinical & experimental optometry, 100 (4), 392-395. 10.1111/cxo.12457
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Joanna Black, Benjamin Thompson, Cindy Guo, Nicola Anstice
  • Guo, C. X., Babu, R. J., Black, J. M., Bobier, W. R., Lam, C. S. Y., Dai, S., ... Jiang, Y. (2016). Binocular treatment of amblyopia using videogames (BRAVO): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 17 (1)10.1186/s13063-016-1635-3
    URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2292/32766
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Yannan Jiang, Joanna Black, Benjamin Thompson, Cindy Guo, Natalie Walker, Varsha Parag
  • Gao, T. Y., Ledgeway, T., Lie, A., Anstice, N., Black, J., McGraw, P., & Thompson, B. (2016). Continuous Flash Suppression in Amblyopia is Asymmetric and Non-selective for Stimulus Orientation. Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the Association-for-Research-in-Vision-and-Ophthalmology (ARVO), Seattle, WA. 1 May - 5 May 2016. INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE. (pp. 3).
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Benjamin Thompson, Joanna Black

Contact details

Primary location

M&HS BUILDING 503 - Bldg 503
Level 3, Room 351
New Zealand