Dr Yuqian Lu

PhD in Mechatronics Engineering


Dr. Yuqian Lu is a Lecturer of Smart Manufacturing at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Auckland. Before his current appointment, he was heavily involved in industrial R&D and product management for intelligent manufacturing and automation at Compac Sorting Equipment Ltd. and FRAMECAD Ltd. with over $3M research funds from NZ government agencies. During this period, he successfully led the development of the world-first cloud-based production management system for Cold-Formed Steel construction automation - MyFRAMECAD and an AI-based construction costing tool - FRAMECAD Estimator.

Dr. Lu’s research interests are in the areas of cognitive manufacturing and automation. Currently, he is focusing on the research of industrial robotics and smart manufacturing systems using state-of-the-art industrial artificial intelligence, big data processing, and sensing technologies. He is devoted to the research of the next generation context-aware smart manufacturing with self-perception, self-learning, self-optimisation and self-organisation capabilities.



Ph.D. in Mechatronics Engineering, The University of Auckland, New Zealand

BE Honours in Mechatronics Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, China.


Visit my research website

Research | Current

Dr. Lu's research goal is to pursue smart systems by integrating various digital technologies and methods. Current research topics include but not limited to:

  • Manufacturing automation
  • Cognitive manufacturing systems
  • Artificial Intelligence for smart manufacturing (robotics, machine tools, and 3D printing)
  • Autonomous robotics
  • Digital Twin
  • Cloud manufacturing
  • Robotics and automation in construction
  • Human-machine collaboration
  • Internet of Things

Research Highlights

Research Groups

If you are interested in pursuing a Master or PhD with me, please send me your CV, transcript and cover letter for my consideration.

Scholarship opportunities include, e.g.

Teaching | Current

  • MECHENG 352 - Manufacturing Systems
  • MECHENG 751 - Advanced CAD/CAM/CNC
  • MECHENG 752 - Technology Management

Postgraduate supervision

PhD students

  • Zhaojun Qin: "Self-organising manufacturing systems for smart manufacturing", to complete 2022
  • Marwan Gharbia: "Robotics in construction", to complete 2022
  • Emmanuel Flores Arriaga: "Operator 4.0: A human perspective for Industry 4.0", to complete 2021
  • Khamdi Mubarok: "Cloud Manufacturing for Modern Industry – an Industrie 4.0 Perspective", to complete in 2020

Part IV students

  • Joshua Goh/Wanqing Xia: "Internet of Things enabled AGVs for Smart Factories": 2019
  • Nikhil Harilal/Steve Tran: "3D printing process optimisation based on machine learning": 2019 Project Video


Areas of expertise

  • Cognitive manufacturing system
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Digital Twin
  • Robotics
  • Industry 4.0
  • Cloud manufacturing
  • Cyber-physical systems
  • Big data analytics
  • Internet of Things
  • Knowledge Graph / Semantic Web

Committees/Professional groups/Services

  • Invited Reviewer for
    • Journal of Manufacturing Systems
    • Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing
    • International Journal of Production Research
    • ASME Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering
    • Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing
    • Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences
    • SME Manufacturing Letters
    • Computers in Industry
    • IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics


Selected publications and creative works (Research Outputs)

  • Lu, Y., Liu, C., Wang, K. I.-K., Huang, H., & Xu, X. (2020). Digital Twin-driven smart manufacturing: Connotation, reference model, applications and research issues. ROBOTICS AND COMPUTER-INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING, 6110.1016/j.rcim.2019.101837
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Kevin I-Kai Wang, Xun Xu
  • Lu, Y., & Xu, X. (2019). Cloud-based manufacturing equipment and big data analytics to enable on-demand manufacturing services. ROBOTICS AND COMPUTER-INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING, 57, 92-102. 10.1016/j.rcim.2018.11.006
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu
  • Liu, C., Vengayil, H., Lu, Y., & Xu, X. (2019). A Cyber-Physical Machine Tools Platform using OPC UA and MTConnect. JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS, 51, 61-74. 10.1016/j.jmsy.2019.04.006
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu
  • Lu, Y., Peng, T., & Xu, X. (2019). Energy-efficient cyber-physical production network: Architecture and technologies. COMPUTERS & INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING, 129, 56-66. 10.1016/j.cie.2019.01.025
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu
  • Lu, Y., Wang, H., & Xu, X. (2019). ManuService ontology: a product data model for service-oriented business interactions in a cloud manufacturing environment. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 30 (1), 317-334. 10.1007/s10845-016-1250-x
    URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2292/36065
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu
  • Lu, Y., & Xu, X. (2018). Resource virtualization: A core technology for developing cyber-physical production systems. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 47, 128-140. 10.1016/j.jmsy.2018.05.003
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu
  • Lu, Y., & Xu, X. (2018). A digital twin reference model for smart manufacturing. Proceedings of International Conference on Computers and Industrial Engineering, CIE.
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu
  • Lu, Y., & Xu, X. (2017). A semantic web-based framework for service composition in a cloud manufacturing environment. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 42, 69-81. 10.1016/j.jmsy.2016.11.004
    URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2292/32443
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu


Contact details

Primary office location

New Zealand

Social links

Web links