Dr Yuqian Lu

PhD in Mechatronics Engineering


Dr. Yuqian Lu is a Lecturer of Smart Manufacturing at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Auckland. He leads the Industrial Artificial Intelligence Research Group (https://iai.auckland.ac.nz). Prior to joining UoA in 2019, he was a Product Manager/R&D Team Lead at FRAMECAD Ltd. (2016-2019), Business Analyst at Compact Sorting Equipment Ltd. (2015-2016).

Dr. Lu's research interests span over manufacturing automation, autonomous systems, industrial ai, and robotics. He is a strong advocate for translating fundamental and applied research into commercial adoption. He led the development of the world-first cloud-based production management system for Cold-Formed Steel construction automation - MyFRAMECAD and an AI-based construction costing tool - FRAMECAD Estimator.


Ph.D. in Mechatronics Engineering, The University of Auckland, New Zealand

BE Honours in Mechatronics Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, China.


Visit my research website

Check my current Master/Ph.D. projects on offer: FindaThesis

Master/Ph.D. scholarship opportunities are available for students currently living in New Zealand in the direction of manufacturing operation optimisation, industrial robots, and automation.

Research | Current

Research Directions

  • Smart manufacturing systems
    • Cyber-physical Production Systems
    • Digital Twin
    • Industrial Internet
    • Industrial Internet of Things
    • Cloud manufacturing
    • Self-organising manufacturing systems
  • Industrial Intelligence
    • Industrial Machine Learning
    • Industrial Knowledge Graph
    • Data-driven Decision-making
    • Big Data / Small Data / Fast Data Analytics
  • Industrial Robot and Control
    • Multi-robot collaboration
    • Human-robot collaboration
    • Intelligent robotic control
    • Warehouse autonomous robot control
  • Smart Automation
    • Multi-agent systems
    • Swarm intelligence
    • Manufacturing process control and optimisation
    • Human-in-the-loop system

Research Highlights

Research Groups

If you are interested in pursuing a Master or PhD with me, please send me your CV, transcript and cover letter for my consideration.

Scholarship opportunities include, e.g.

Teaching | Current

  • MECHENG 352 - Manufacturing Systems
  • MECHENG 709 - Industrial Automation
  • MECHENG 710 - Advanced Industrial Automation
  • MECHENG 751 - Advanced CAD/CAM/CNC
  • MECHENG 752 - Technology Management

Postgraduate supervision

PhD students

  • Akhil Ramesh: "Knowledge-driven smart manufacturing system control", to complete 2024
  • Wanqing Xia: "Self-learning path planning and control for a collaborative robot", to complete 2024
  • Saahil Chand: "Intelligent human-robot collaboration for smart factories", to complete 2024
  • Zhaojun Qin: "Self-organising manufacturing systems for smart manufacturing", to complete 2023
  • Marwan Gharbia*: "Robotics in construction", to complete 2022
  • Emmanuel Flores Arriaga*: "Operator 4.0: A human perspective for Industry 4.0", to complete 2021
  • Khamdi Mubarok*: "Cloud Manufacturing for Modern Industry – an Industrie 4.0 Perspective", to complete in 2020

*-- As a co-supervisor

Master students

  • Munirah Mahadi: "Multi-agent collaborative control in a mobile robot team" - 2020
  • Ziwei Su: "Plug-and-play industrial internet of things gateways for data acquisition in cloud manufacturing" - 2019


  • Best paper shortlist, 2014 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management
  • Tertiary Student of the Year (finalist, 100 students), Ministry of Education, China, 2010
  • Top10 Tertiary Student of the Year, Department of Education, Liaoning Province, China, 2009

Committees/Professional groups/Services

  • Associate Editor, IET Collaborative Intelligent Manufacturing, 2020-
  • Committee member - IEEE RAS Technical Committee on Digital Manufacturing and Human-Centred Automation
  • Committee member - NAMRI/SME (The North American Manufacturing Research Institution of SME) Scientific Committee
  • Managing Guest Editor - Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing
  • Guest Editor - Neural Computing and Applications
  • Committee member – 12th Asia Pacific Signal and Information Processing Association Annual Summit and Conference
  • Committee member – MaDE, the fourth National Conference for Innovation in Manufacturing, Design and Entrepreneurship
  • Committee member, session chair – The 48th International Conference on Computers and Industrial Engineering
  • Session organiser – 2020 ASME MSEC Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference
  • Session organiser – 2020 IEEE 16th International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE)
  • Invited Reviewer for
    • Journal of Manufacturing Systems
    • Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing
    • International Journal of Production Research
    • ASME Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering
    • Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing
    • Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences
    • SME Manufacturing Letters
    • Computers in Industry
    • IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
    • Engineering
    • IEEE Access


Selected publications and creative works (Research Outputs)

  • Lu, Y., Xu, X., & Wang, L. (2020). Smart manufacturing process and system automation – A critical review of the standards and envisioned scenarios. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 56, 312-325. 10.1016/j.jmsy.2020.06.010
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu
  • Lu, Y., & Asghar, M. R. (2020). Semantic communications between distributed cyber-physical systems towards collaborative automation for smart manufacturing. JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS, 55, 348-359. 10.1016/j.jmsy.2020.05.001
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Rizwan Asghar
  • Lu, Y., Liu, C., Wang, K. I.-K., Huang, H., & Xu, X. (2020). Digital Twin-driven smart manufacturing: Connotation, reference model, applications and research issues. ROBOTICS AND COMPUTER-INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING, 6110.1016/j.rcim.2019.101837
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Kevin I-Kai Wang, Xun Xu
  • Liu, S., Bao, J., Lu, Y., Li, J., Lu, S., & Sun, X. (2020). Digital twin modeling method based on biomimicry for machining aerospace components. Journal of Manufacturing Systems10.1016/j.jmsy.2020.04.014
  • Lu, Y., & Xu, X. (2019). Cloud-based manufacturing equipment and big data analytics to enable on-demand manufacturing services. ROBOTICS AND COMPUTER-INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING, 57, 92-102. 10.1016/j.rcim.2018.11.006
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu
  • Liu, C., Vengayil, H., Lu, Y., & Xu, X. (2019). A Cyber-Physical Machine Tools Platform using OPC UA and MTConnect. JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS, 51, 61-74. 10.1016/j.jmsy.2019.04.006
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu
  • Lu, Y., Peng, T., & Xu, X. (2019). Energy-efficient cyber-physical production network: Architecture and technologies. COMPUTERS & INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING, 129, 56-66. 10.1016/j.cie.2019.01.025
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu
  • Lu, Y., Wang, H., & Xu, X. (2019). ManuService ontology: a product data model for service-oriented business interactions in a cloud manufacturing environment. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 30 (1), 317-334. 10.1007/s10845-016-1250-x
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu


Contact details

Primary office location

Level 8, Room 869
New Zealand

Social links

Web links