Dr Yuqian Lu

PhD in Mechatronics Engineering


Professional Experience

[02/2022 - Present] Senior Lecturer, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Auckland

[02/2019 - 01/2022] Lecturer, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Auckland

[02/2017 - 02/2019] Product Manager/R&D Lead, FRAMECAD Ltd

[08/2016 - 02/2017] Business Analyst/Software Developer, FRAMECAD Ltd

[10/2015 - 08/2016] Business Analyst/Software Developer, Compac Sorting Equipment

Research Interests

His research dedicates to developing translatable manufacturing automation technologies for transforming the workplace into a more efficient, enjoyable, and sustainable environment. His research program focuses on four central and connected themes: 1) Manufacturing Automation, 2) Industrial IoT, 3) Industrial AI, and 4) Industrial Robots. Intelligent algorithms for cognitive sensing, reasoning, control, and human interaction are his core scientific aspirations. Since 2019, he has produced 7 ESI Highly Cited Papers and 1 ESI Hot Cited Papers. He has received funding from prestigious funding bodies and leading high-tech companies, with a total portfolio of >NZD $2.5 million.

He is a strong advocate for translating fundamental and applied research into commercial adoption. He led the development of the world-first cloud-based production management system for Cold-Formed Steel construction automation - MyFRAMECAD and an AI-based construction costing tool - FRAMECAD Estimator. He is well-connected with high-tech companies in New Zealand, with a strong portfolio of industry-funded R&D research projects.


Ph.D. in Mechatronics Engineering, The University of Auckland, New Zealand

BE Honours in Mechatronics Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, China.

Visit my research team website

Check my current Master/Ph.D. projects on offer: FindaThesis

Master/Ph.D. scholarship opportunities are available for students currently living in New Zealand in the direction of manufacturing operation optimisation, industrial robots, and automation.

Research | Current

Research Themes

  • Manufacturing Automation
    • Digital Twin
    • Self-x manufacturing systems
    • Human-centric manufacturing theories
  • Industrial Internet of Things
    • Wireless sensor network
    • Cloud/Fog/Edge network design and optimization
    • Edge intelligence
    • Resource-efficient AI
  • Industrial Intelligence
    • Industrial machine learning
    • Industrial knowledge graph
    • Computer vision
  • Industrial Robot and Control
    • Multi-robot collaboration
    • Human-robot collaboration
    • Intelligent robotic control

Research Highlights

Research Groups

My publications on:

Latest Publication

  • Outlook on human-centric manufacturing towards Industry 5.0. Full-text
  • Humans Are Not Machines—Anthropocentric Human-Machine Symbiosis for Ultra-Flexible Smart Manufacturing. Full-text
  • Self-organizing manufacturing network: A paradigm towards smart manufacturing in mass personalization. Full-text

  • Smart manufacturing process and system automation – A critical review of the standards and envisioned scenarios. Full-text

If you are interested in pursuing a Master or PhD with me, please send me your CV, transcript and cover letter for my consideration.

Scholarship opportunities include, e.g.

Teaching | Current

  • MECHENG 352 - Manufacturing Systems
  • MECHENG 709 - Industrial Automation
  • MECHENG 710 - Advanced Industrial Automation
  • MECHENG 751 - Advanced CAD/CAM/CNC
  • MECHENG 752 - Technology Management

Postgraduate supervision

PhD students

  • Regina Lee
  • Jiaxu Niu
  • Yonghui Tao
  • Dazzle Johnson
  • Zengkun Liu
  • Hao Zheng
  • Akhil Ramesh
  • Wanqing Xia
  • Saahil Chand
  • Zhaojun Qin
  • Marwan Gharbia* (2021)
  • Emmanuel Flores Arriaga*

*-- As a co-supervisor

Master students

  • Joshua Goh
  • Karen Wang (2022)
  • Sidhant Raje (2022)
  • Munirah Mahadi (2021)
  • Ziwei Su (2020)

We have a culture of achieving excellence in scholarship and career development. For example,

  • My summer research student in 2020 won 1st Place of the Faculty of Engineering Summer Research Scholarship Poster Competition
  • My Part IV students in 2020 received the highest marks for their research project across the whole department
  • My 1st-year PhD students in 2021 won two prizes out of three at the departmental postgraduate student conference.


  • RCIM Best Paper Award, 2021.
  • Best paper shortlist, 2014 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management
  • Outstanding Graduate, Dalian City, China
  • Tertiary Student of the Year (finalist, 100 students), Ministry of Education, China, 2010
  • Top10 Tertiary Student of the Year, Department of Education, Liaoning Province, China, 2009
  • National Scholarship, China, 2008&2011

Committees/Professional groups/Services

  • Associate Editor, IET Collaborative Intelligent Manufacturing, 2020-
  • Committee member - IEEE RAS Technical Committee on Digital Manufacturing and Human-Centred Automation
  • Committee member - NAMRI/SME (The North American Manufacturing Research Institution of SME) Scientific Committee
  • Managing Guest Editor - Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing
  • Guest Editor - Neural Computing and Applications
  • Committee member – 12th Asia Pacific Signal and Information Processing Association Annual Summit and Conference
  • Committee member – MaDE, the fourth National Conference for Innovation in Manufacturing, Design and Entrepreneurship
  • Committee member, session chair – The 48th International Conference on Computers and Industrial Engineering
  • Session organiser – 2020 ASME MSEC Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference
  • Session organiser – 2020 IEEE 16th International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE)
  • Invited Reviewer for
    • Journal of Manufacturing Systems
    • Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing
    • International Journal of Production Research
    • ASME Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering
    • Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing
    • Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences
    • SME Manufacturing Letters
    • Computers in Industry
    • IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
    • Engineering
    • IEEE Access


Selected publications and creative works (Research Outputs)

As of 29 October 2020 there will be no automatic updating of 'selected publications and creative works' from Research Outputs. Please continue to keep your Research Outputs profile up to date.
  • Lu, Y., Xu, X., & Wang, L. (2020). Smart manufacturing process and system automation - A critical review of the standards and envisioned scenarios. JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS, 56, 312-325. 10.1016/j.jmsy.2020.06.010
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu
  • Lu, Y., & Asghar, M. R. (2020). Semantic communications between distributed cyber-physical systems towards collaborative automation for smart manufacturing. JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS, 55, 348-359. 10.1016/j.jmsy.2020.05.001
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Rizwan Asghar
  • Lu, Y., Liu, C., Wang, K. I.-K., Huang, H., & Xu, X. (2020). Digital Twin-driven smart manufacturing: Connotation, reference model, applications and research issues. ROBOTICS AND COMPUTER-INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING, 6110.1016/j.rcim.2019.101837
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Kevin I-Kai Wang, Xun Xu
  • Liu, S., Bao, J., Lu, Y., Li, J., Lu, S., & Sun, X. (2020). Digital twin modeling method based on biomimicry for machining aerospace components. Journal of Manufacturing Systems10.1016/j.jmsy.2020.04.014
  • Lu, Y., & Xu, X. (2019). Cloud-based manufacturing equipment and big data analytics to enable on-demand manufacturing services. ROBOTICS AND COMPUTER-INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING, 57, 92-102. 10.1016/j.rcim.2018.11.006
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu
  • Liu, C., Vengayil, H., Lu, Y., & Xu, X. (2019). A Cyber-Physical Machine Tools Platform using OPC UA and MTConnect. JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS, 51, 61-74. 10.1016/j.jmsy.2019.04.006
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu
  • Lu, Y., Peng, T., & Xu, X. (2019). Energy-efficient cyber-physical production network: Architecture and technologies. COMPUTERS & INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING, 129, 56-66. 10.1016/j.cie.2019.01.025
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu
  • Lu, Y., Wang, H., & Xu, X. (2019). ManuService ontology: a product data model for service-oriented business interactions in a cloud manufacturing environment. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 30 (1), 317-334. 10.1007/s10845-016-1250-x
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Xun Xu


Contact details

Primary office location

Level 8, Room 869
New Zealand

Social links

Web links